Indigenous peoples

Last updated September 28, 2023

Since 2017, the city has taken actions to recognize the past, present and future presence of Indigenous peoples on the island of Montréal, and of Indigenous peoples’ contribution to the development of the city.

Recognition and tangible actions

Steps toward historical reconciliation

Here are some of the actions the city has taken in recent years:


  • June: Inauguration of the Tiohtià:ke Otsirà’kéhne park on the Sommet d’Outremont in the Parc du Mont-Royal.
  • August: City council unanimously passed a resolution endorsing the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples as its guide to reconciliation.
  • September: Celebration of the tenth anniversary of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.


  • February: First Commissioner of Indigenous Relations, Marie-Ève Bordeleau, Esq., appointed.
  • May: Consultations on Montréal’s strategy for reconciliation with Indigenous peoples began.


  • June: Online training about the history of residential schools and Indigenous peoples in Canada offered to all city employees.
  • June: Rue Amherst is renamed Rue Atateken, meaning “brothers and sisters,” a unanimous choice of Montréal’s Indigenous toponymy committee.


  • March: Funding contribution to the Réseau de la communauté autochtone à Montréal (RÉSEAU) to launch the the project to collect data by and for Indigenous peoples.
  • June: Name of the “Sentier des Sauvages,” (Trail of the Savages) changed to to “Sentier des Messages” (Trail of the Messengers), or Tetewaianón:ni Iakoiánaka’weh in Mohawk.
  • November: Montréal adopts its 2020-2025 Reconciliation Strategy.


  • February:  Projection of an illuminated work on the outside facade of the organization Open Door/Porte ouverte to honour the resilience of unhoused Indigenous people and in tribute to Raphaël Napa André.
  • February:  Support for Montréal Indigenous women by putting up a temporary warming station at Square Cabot in memory of Raphaël Napa André.
  • February: Restitution of a valuable beaded hood that was in the Musée de Lachine’s collection to the Cree nation (video).
  • September: Translation of the Elector’s Guide into Cree, Kanien’kéha – Mohawk and Inuktitut

Translation of the Montréal Charter of Rights and Responsibilities into the Mohawk language

To mark the International Year of Indigenous Languages in 2019, the Montréal Charter of Rights and Responsibilities was translated into Kanienke’ha, the Mohawk language, and officially presented. This Charter, designed by and for Montrealers, will be translated into 10 other  languages of First Nations living in Québec.

Montréal coat of arms and flag redesigned

The city’s coat of arms and flag have been redesigned to include a white pine tree in the centre, a symbol of the presence of Indigenous peoples.

Montréal, proud of its Indigenous roots

Concerted actions with Indigenous partners

Montréal maintains relationships with the Assembly of First Nations Quebec-Labrador, Makivik Corporation, and the Mohawk Community Councils of Kahnawake, Kanesatake and Akwesasne.

The city also supports urban Indigenous organizations:

  • Montréal Indigenous Community NETWORK (more than 900 members): The city sits on its working committee
  • Native Montréal 
  • Native Friendship Centre of Montréal
  • Projets autochtones du Québec
  • Land InSights (International First Peoples’ Festival)
  • Ashukan Cultural Space
  • Montréal fund for indigenous professional artists and writers
  • First Nations Human Resources Development Services of Montréal
  • Femmes autochtones Québec

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