What steps does Montréal take to protect the population during a heat wave? Who is most at risk? Find out how heat waves are managed in Montréal.
Monitoring summer temperatures
During a heat wave, people can quickly experience health problems. Throughout the summer, Montréal keeps a close watch on the situation, activating its response plan as soon as weather forecasts include:
- a temperature that stays at or above 33°C (cumulative average) during the day and does not go below 20°C at night, for three consecutive days
- a temperature at or above 25°C for two consecutive nights
Services for citizens
Extended opening hours for swimming pools, wading pools, play fountains and beaches, as well as a number of air-conditioned public buildings (libraries, community centres, etc.), are provided so that people can cool off.
The city works with the Centre-Sud-de-l’Île-de-Montréal CIUSS (Centre intégré universitaire de santé et de services sociaux) to make sure that the most vulnerable people are safe.
The following people are most at risk during a heat wave:
- Children under 5
- People aged 65 and over who do not have air conditioning
- People chronically ill with diabetes or cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, respiratory or neurological illness
- People experiencing mental health problems (especially schizophrenia) or problems of alcoholism or drug addiction
- People living alone and experiencing reduced autonomy
- Workers or athletes involved in strenuous physical activity
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