Ecological Transition and Resilience

Last updated December 22, 2020
Reading time: 3 min

The science is irrefutable: the effects of climate change are already being felt. But solutions exist for making our cities more resilient and ensuring that no one gets left behind. We still have time to take collective action. That’s why Montréal is fully invested in the ecological transition.

Climate emergency

According to scientists, the world’s population must reduce its greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) significantly over the next decade. Otherwise, the average global temperature could increase and make life on Earth more challenging. 

Already, we are experiencing extreme climate events, including flooding, heat waves and drought. These events will only grow more frequent, with destructive consequences that will tear at the fabric of our lives. Animal-borne epidemics, like the one wrought by the coronavirus, will also become more frequent due to the destruction of natural habitats,  deforestation and farm-type animal production, all of which favour the emergence of new infectious diseases. That’s why we must act now to reduce our greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the effects of global warming, which is already underway.

There is still time to act

Solutions do exist, and there’s still time to implement them. That said, we have fewer than 10 years to reverse the trend. To succeed, we must drastically reduce our GHG emissions by 2030 and become a carbon-neutral city by 2050.

While climate change is a global issue, it’s at the local level that concrete action can be taken to reduce our GHGs. And that means undertaking a true ecological transition.

Ecological transition

In order to initiate this shift, we must find new ways of consuming, producing, working and living together, and transition to a new economic and social model that is based on greater respect for people and the environment and that takes into consideration the planet’s limitations by reducing GHG emissions.

We can build greater resilience into our ecosystems and communities by reducing the use of fossil fuels in buildings promoting cleaner transportation, greening our neighbourhoods and reducing waste.

What is urban resilience?

Urban resilience resides in the ability of people, communities, institutions, companies and systems within a city to resist, adapt and develop while taking steps to address long-term ecological, social and economic challenges. For example, resilience lies in our capacity to deal with climate and public health shocks.

Urban resilience, more specifically, entails a capacity on the part of the city to absorb shocks by drawing on services (public health, civil security) and infrastructures (parks to provide relief from heat waves, dikes to protect shorelines from flooding).

Lever for action: The Climate Plan

The city is committed to speeding up the ecological transition by taking concrete actions to reduce GHGs, limiting the scope of climate change, adapting to and mitigating its impacts, while fostering greater urban resilience and putting vulnerable populations front and centre.

Montréal has chosen to act now and to plot a path towards an inclusive and green ecological transition through  the concrete actions set out in its Climate Plan. These 46 actions constitute our collective “game  plan” for making  Montréal a resilient, inclusive and carbon-neutral city.

A collective project

Learn about the actions the city is committed to implementing, and see how, by all of us pooling our efforts, we can build  an inclusive, resilient and carbon-neutral city and successfully achieve the ecological transition.

Starting now, the city, businesses, institutions and residents, each on their own scale, can mobilize and take action in favour of the climate. 

Learn about the actions the city is committed to implementing, and see how, by all of us pooling our efforts, we can build  an inclusive, resilient and carbon-neutral city and successfully achieve the ecological transition.